History of the Ameraucana ;
The recent history behind this breed extends back into the 1920s’ and to South America – Chile to be specific. Mapuche Indians before arriving in the United States in the 20th century and being developed there. In France, the standard accepted it in 1984. Ameraucana is an American native breed of chicken. It was developed in the United States in the 1970s and is derived from Araucana chickens brought from Chile. It was added to the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Excellence in 1984.
The Mapuche Indians originally had two types of chickens – the Collonca and Quetero. These breeds were very old even to the Indians and were first noted and written about by the Spanish invaders back in the 1500s.
The two breeds were bred together either naturally or by human intervention – no one knows – and from this union came the Araucana. The Araucana is a parent bird of the Ameraucana chicken.
Ameraucana Appearance and Temperament ;
The coloring of the Ameraucana is quite variable, with several color palettes to choose from – Its plumage can be black, brown, silvery, buff, wheaten, even blue, the male also having a more orange hue of its own.
It is considered a winter hardy, dual purpose breed.
Medium in size, she weighs a little over 2 kilos, the rooster slightly exceeding 3 kilos. The feathers which underline its head form a downy collar, a sort of “frilly crop” whose volume gives it the air of an English lord.
- Rooster 3 kg
- Hen 2 kg
The Améraucana is valued for its flesh and even more for its eggs, since it can lay around 250 per year. It is one of the few breeds of chickens that lay blue eggs.
There is also a Bantam Ameraucana variety in which the male and female do not exceed 950 and 800 g respectively.